Surfing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing: variants, benefits, recommended diet, precautions and risks

Sports are full of adrenaline and ideal for those who love to keep fit and especially close contact with the sea.

The surfers can define real acrobats of the waves, are stylish and exciting to watch, as is this aquatic sports to practice.

But how many types of surf are there? What benefits do they bring? What is the most recommended diet for these sports, and what are the main precautions and risks?

Let’s see it together.

Surfing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing: variants

The surf can be practiced both at sea and in inland waters of lakes and rivers; but not only that, the equipment used for this sport can also vary, and based on the latter the classic surf branches into other variants:

Classic serf

You follow the natural movement of the water to glide along the wall of the wave itself, trying to remain standing on the board. Much more difficult than windsurfing, as you need to be able to analyze wave motion very well and have a lot of balance and strength in your legs;


The balance on the board is managed by the propulsion of the wind on the sail. The difficulty, in this case, is precisely that of controlling the sail based on the direction of the wind itself;


In this case, you glide on the water thanks to the wind that moves the kite, or kite, to which you are connected via a control bar, which you must maneuver to control the direction itself. This variant, among the 3, is certainly the most difficult, as it is necessary to know how to control water and wind at the same time;

Variations that in common require basic requirements: a good basis of coordination, balance, as well as a good physical shape.

Surfing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing: benefits

The benefits of these water sports are different, here are the 3 biggest ones:


Before considering the physical benefits alone, it is also advisable to remember how much surfing in general puts you in contact with nature, allowing you to relax and relieve the tensions of everyday life. In fact, sports in general, but surfing more, allows the release of endorphins and wellness hormones, thus allowing us to better face our fears, as well as increase concentration and patience.


The whole body is constantly in motion in the surf, of whatever type it is. And in addition to a good workout for many muscles, this sport also helps the metabolism, allowing you to burn about 400 kcal per hour. And if, as it should, you go along with it all with a warm-up, stretching, and pre-and post-surfing yoga, then the physical benefits will be even greater.

Stimulation of the cardiovascular system

Thanks to constant movement, surfing allows you to improve your breath and the cardiovascular system itself. This is because, during the entire time dedicated to this sport, the heart is forced to adapt to the fast pace, from when you row on the board, to when you ride the wave, always in careful balance.

Surfing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing: recommended diet

There is no real specific diet to follow when you become a surfer, but there are still some good rules that you should know, as they help the body keep fit and take in the right nutrients.

  • Let’s look at some of them now:
  • Take a good dose of fruit and vegetables;
  • Use low-fat proteins, such as poultry, lean meat, lean fish, and lean dairy products;
  • Hydration is very important, given the waste of energy and sweat during physical activity;
  • Always have a pre and post-workout snack: especially with carbohydrates to have important doses of energy that can then be used, then with fats of animal origin and above all with simple sugars;

Surfing, windsurfing, and kitesurfing: precautions and risks

The risks that can be incurred by practicing this kind of water sports are different, which is why it would always be better to follow some precautions, to limit the danger factors as much as possible.

Let’s see some of the major risks and how to remedy them:

The stress of ankles and feet: due to the position taken on the table, these parts of the body are particularly subjected to stress, so it is better to always do a good warm-up and also dedicate yourself to post-workout yoga;

Hours cchio Surfer: pathology that leads to a bone element accumulation in the ear canal after long periods of time. This is exostosis, and it develops above all in those who surf in cold and windy environments, as the body, to protect itself from aggressive foreign agents, develops this “extra” protection. The problem is that when even the slightest grain of sand enters it, then there are obstructions and hearing difficulties. To avoid all this, you can try to wear a hood, especially when returning to the ground, to restore the right temperature of the ear canal;

O cchio Surfer: call by doctors pterygium, is formed due to the sun, the water reflected and then refracted on the nose, he is then reflected in turn in the medial portion of the eye, creating irritation of the cornea. Obviously, other factors also contribute, such as saltwater splashes, sand, dust, and genetics itself. Wearing sunglasses, even those specially formulated for surfing, help a lot to limit this pathology;

You may also like to read, Kitesurfing for beginners tricks: Start kitesurfing today

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